How are Self Defense Sprays Made?

There are 3 main ingredients that go into self defense sprays. Two of them are types of tear gas and called CS and CN. They irritate the membranes and cause uncontrolled tear flow and mucous discharge. It’s amazing when you see the stopping power of just this irritant alone. The 3rd and most common ingredient is OC (Oleoresin Capsicum), which is the hot part of chili peppers. OC is not only an irritant, it is also an inflammatory agent and when it contacts the mucous membranes it causes choking and an unbelievable burning sensation. It can also cause temporary blindness from the burning pain.

What is the difference between pepper spray and tear gas?

You cant fight through the pain of tear gas. It will blind and choke you if it contacts the mucous membranes. Tear gas isn’t as effective for intoxicated, crazy, super tough attackers. Pepper Spray is effective on wild animals and dogs, but tear gas is not. Tear gas disburses fumes and you don’t have to nail the attacker in the eyes. Pepper spray does not emit fumes, and it will not deteriorate with age, but it must be sprayed in the eyes or inhaled directly to be effective. Tear gas takes about 5 to 30 sec to start working whereas pepper spray burns instantaneously. Tear gas can’t be washed off, while pepper spray can. MACE has come up with a new gel product however, that is hard to wipe or wash off. MACE also has a “triple action” self defense spray that contains all three ingredients, plus a special UV dye so that the assailant is easily identified by law enforcement.

So what so good about carrying these types of sprays?

They have been time tested by police all over the world and are still heavily used for crowd control today. They are non-lethal and very effective when sprayed in the face of an attacker, giving you plenty of time to run! Because of its non-deadly effectiveness, unlike a gun, you may actually use it before being hurt by your assailant, and this early action may save your life. Sprays are cheap, and legal almost anywhere. Even so, you should still be aware of its limitations. Pepper spray may take a few seconds to disable and attacker, so that assailant may be able to take your canister away from you, before the effects of the spray kick in. That means your own weapon may be used against you. Also, wind and rain may reduce its range and effectiveness. You may get cbd bioavailability when sprayed against strong wind.

How effective are the various brands of pepper spray?

Pepper spray is rated in two ways: OC% and SHU rating. The % you see listed on the container explains how much OC is in the container relative to the other ingredients (propellant, dyes, etc.). This percentage cannot always be used to compare the “hotness” of different pepper sprays, and there are mixtures of various potency of OC. The hotness of OC is directly related to the amount of the capsaicin in the OC, which varies significantly from manufacturer to manufacturer. The amount of capsaicin in OC is rated in Scoville Heat Units (SHU). To compare the hotness of two different pepper sprays, SHU rating is more important. The more capsaicin content the OC has, the hotter & more effective the spray will be. Two million SHU will be sufficient.

What’s the shelf life of pepper spray?

The truth is that OC doesn’t degrade with time. Sometimes however, the propellant goes bad. You should plan on replacing it when it reaches the expiration date, which is stamped on the sides or bottoms of the container. Usually however you should plan on replacing it yearly.

How long for the spray to work, and how long will the effect last?

It can take 3-5 seconds for pepper spray to take effect, and the effects can last anywhere from 15 minutes to about 60 minutes depending on concentration, which will give you plenty of time to escape an attacker and call the police. The UV Dye, a harmless additive used to assist authorities in catching the attacker, will generally wear off in about a week.

When is it OK to use the pepper spray?

Whenever you feel truly threatened. Just keep in mind that you have to use it in defense of life, and not in defense of property. You are now allow to use sprays in an offensive manner, only self defense.

What’s better: foam, spray, gel, or fogger?

It depends on your situation and preference. Mace brand gels and foams are preferred by many as they are really hard to wipe off. The spray is actually a stream, and is easier to aim into the eyes and mouth. Foggers are used for crowd control.

What about storage of pepper spray?

Always store it at room temp as the propellant is under pressure. Keep it away from children and don’t leave in you car on a hot day. You might get a surprise! You should try to keep your pepper spray in a place where you can pull it out and deploy it quickly. You shouldn’t have to think twice about it or fumble through your purse looking for it. Make sure you practice with it so it becomes 2nd nature. The time to familiarize yourself with it is not when your being attacked! The keychain pepper sprays are very convenient, and you are more likely to carry them with you all the time because of their smaller size.

What’s the best way to use pepper spray?

It is very important that you get some training and practice with the specific spray you are going to carry. Study the canister, the nozzle, and the dispenser. Take your canister to an open field, make sure the wind, if any, is at your back, and fire it for about two seconds. How far will it spray? Is the spray a stream or a foggy mist? How did it react to the wind? Can you spray it into the eyes of an attacker? When threatened, make sure you have distance between you and the attacker. Don’t get within their striking distance. Fire 2 or 3 second bursts directly into the eyes of the attacker. If it is not working, give them another two seconds. The small pocket or purse size will give you between 5 and 10 seconds of continual fire. Once the threat is stopped, run immediately and call the police. If your spray contains UV dye, tell the police that so they can ID the bad guy.

Is Pepper Spray Legal in my state?

Pepper spray is LEGAL in all fifty states. However, some states and cities have specific regulations pertaining to the purchase, possession and use of defense sprays. Please check with your local law enforcement agency for any regulations your state may have. New York: the sellers must be local licensed firearm dealers or local pharmacies. Massachusetts: the buyer is required to obtain a Firearms Identification Card (FID); the sellers must be local licensed firearm dealers. Michigan: OC Pepper Spray can be no stronger than a 2% concentrate. CS is the only Tear Gas accepted. Both must be no larger than 35 grams per can. No combination sprays allowed. Wisconsin: Pepper spray only. No Tear Gas, UV Dye or combination sprays. OC Pepper Spray can be no stronger than a 10% concentrate. The can must be between 15-60 grams only. They must have safety feature. California: Canisters cannot be more than 2.5 ounces. Animal Repellents such as bear spray and dog spray are legal and can be shipped to New York, Wisconsin and Michigan.



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